China,Pakistan agree on early launch of ML-1

The statement was made in a dinner between Chinese Ambassador with Federal Minister of Aviation and Railways

LAHORE: Chinese Ambassador to Pakistan, Nong, Rong, and Federal Minister of Aviation and Railways, Khawaja Saad Rafique, have announced plans to expedite the launch of Main Line-1 (ML-1). The decision was made at a dinner hosted by the Ambassador in honor of Saad Rafique on Wednesday

The dinner was also attended by the Chairman of Pakistan Railways, Additional Secretary Railways, Secretary Aviation, and CEO of Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). 

ML-1 is the largest of the infrastructure projects as part of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) at a cost of $6.86 billion. The project involves the up-gradation and dualization of ML-1 to increase the operating speed from the current 60 km/h and 105 km/h to a proposed 160 km/h. The project also involves the establishment of a dry port near Havelian. ML-1, the Karachi to Peshawar line, is one of four main railway lines in Pakistan, operated and maintained by Pakistan Railways. The line begins from Karachi City Station or Kiamari station and ends at Peshawar Cantonment Station. The total length of this railway line is 1,687 kilometers (1,048 mi). There are 184 railway stations from Kiamari to Peshawar Cantonment on this line.[4] The line serves as the main passenger and freight line of the country. Seventy five percent of the country’s cargo and passenger traffic uses the ML-1. 

The statement did not issue a final date for when the project will be complete, however, the existing timeline for the completion of ML-1 extends to December 2024

Additionally, Rafique invited the Ambassador to consider partnership of budget airlines with PIA in order to make Pakistan’s small airports functional and provide better travel facilities to passengers. The Ambassador gave his assurance to talk to private airlines in China. Furthermore, the Ambassador also provided assurance to take steps to allow Pakistani airlines direct flights from Pakistan to Beijing and Guangzhou soon. 

Direct flights to Beijing or Guangzhou would be a new addition to Pakistan and China’s international airline routes as all existing airlines either utilize different Chinese cities or other international airports as layovers on their journey to Beijing and Guangzhou. 


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Daniyal Ahmad
The author is a member of the staff, and covers the automobile sector as a sector analyst. He can be reached at [email protected]


  1. In China high speed rail costs $20 million per km, including land acquisition.

    This quote is double that, is not HSR and does not I believe include any land acquisition.

    Also the cost will guaranteed to be higher than quoted.

  2. There is clearly a lack of planning and understanding wrt CPEC and its benefits to the Pakistan. All payments to China are to be made in FCY but not a single project has been implemented to actually generate these dollars. Each project should have been closely analyzed and the authorities should have ensured that all power projects & road/rail projects have associated export industrial parks, so that as soon as the infrastructure project finishes simultaneously the export based industry was read to take advantage of the project. While the power plants and roads have been built, not a SINGLE dollar generating project is in sight. Strangely, despite many power plants being built, there has been no power project made for Balochistan or gwadar and the people of the province continue to suffer miserably with long blackouts, poor health and education services.


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