K-Electric (KE) has launched a Fuel Cost Adjustment (FCA) calculator on its website, which will allow consumers to calculate the impact on their monthly bill based on their monthly consumption.
“The pending FCA, as determined by the National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA), would be spread over nine months and applied from January 2020 onwards,” a statement issued by KE read. “The FCA is based on a notification issued by NEPRA through an SRO dated 27 December 2019, which defines both the amount and the period over which the amount is to be adjusted. All details related to FCA would also be provided in respective customer bills.”
As per NEPRA mechanism, fuel is a pass-through cost to customers of all power distribution companies in Pakistan, including KE. According to the mechanism, “A reference fuel cost is considered in determining the tariff and any increase or decrease in actual fuel price compared to this reference cost is adjusted after verification by NEPRA, which is subsequently passed on to the consumers.”
However, due to the delay in finalization of KE’s Multi-Year Tariff, KE could not pass on the increased fuel cost during the period between July 2016 to June 2019 to its customers. In fact, KE has been absorbing this cost on behalf of customers for the last three years, which has significantly constrained the company’s working capital and cash flows while simultaneously increasing the financial cost on account of increased borrowing.
“KE’s new MYT was notified by the Ministry of Energy (Power Division) on May 22, 2019, after which KE filed its monthly and quarterly tariff variations, as allowed under the MYT, and a public hearing was also held by NEPRA in this regard in August 2019. The variation in tariff was due to different factors including rupee devaluation and increase in fuel prices.”
According to KE, furnace oil cost was Rs27,700 per metric tonne in June 2016 and increased to around Rs70,000/MT in FY2019. “Other major reason for increase in fuel cost is the reduction in supply of natural gas from Sui Southern Gas Company (SSGC), which resulted in the addition of re-gasified liquefied natural gas (RLNG) in the fuel mix. Further, the cost of natural gas in June 2016 was Rs613 per MMBTU and with the addition of RLNG in the mix, the cost of gas on a commingled basis increased to Rs936 per MMBTU in FY19.
Despite delayed adjustments and the resulting financial burden on KE, the company has consistently met all operational expenses and continued to make regular current payments due to its fuel suppliers. In addition, to meet the growing future power demands of the city, the company has also continued to invest across the power value chain.
“While KE remains committed to serving the people of Karachi, the current situation is not sustainable where borrowing is used to mitigate the impact of delays in the power utility’s genuine and legitimate receivables. This issue may affect KE’s regular operations, but most importantly may hamper or delay the underway and planned power projects, both of which would impact the power outlook for the people of Karachi.”